I was leading a fossil trip to the White Mountains in California. Part of that trip was among the bristlecone pine forest, the oldest living things on earth. In the Cambrian shale, in which these trees were growing, we found some of the oldest fossils of deep ocean Cambrian trilobites.The specimens above are fairly rare and of poor quality from the White Mountains. I only found one right by the road. The boy and girl with me found one with three trilobites in one slab, in rock at a different place which looked like volcanic rock and nothing else was found. The one below is from Marble Mountains but is a better specimen of the same species of Olenellus.
The Bristle cone pines consist of thre, genus , subsection Balfourianae). All three Marine fossils are commonly found on continental dry land. And this includes all the high mountain ranges in the world. How could this happen since the continents are made up of lighter rocks that are less dense than the rocks on the ocean floor and rocks in the mantle beneath the continents. The continents rise over sea water, and thus “float” on the mantle, well above the ocean floor. This explains why the continents today have such high elevations compared to the deep ocean floor, and why the ocean basins can hold so much water.
Psalm 24:2Authorized (King James) Translation
“2 For he hath founded it upon the seas,
and established it upon the floods.”
and established it upon the floods.”
So there must be another way to explain how the oceans covered the continents. The sea level had to rise, so that the ocean waters then flooded up onto—and over—the continents. What would have caused that to happen?
There had to be, two mechanisms.
Water were added to the ocean, then the sea level would rise.
Scientists are currently monitoring the melting of the polar ice caps because the extra water would cause the sea level to rise and flood coastal communities.
The Bible suggests a source of the extra water. In Genesis 7:11 we read that at the initiation of the Flood all the fountains of the great deep were broken up. The cracks or faults in the earth often produce volcanic eruptions and part of that involves water from inside the earth. These faults include the mid Atlantic ridge which is still gushing mineralized hor water. The earth’s crust was split open all around the globe and water burst forth as fountains from inside the earth. Genesis 7:24–8:2 says these fountains were open for 150 days. And this caused the ocean volume increased so much that the ocean waters flooded the continents in what secular scientists call incisions. They assume this took millions of years during the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous. Creation scientists believe these incisions producing shallow seas were tidal impacts during the first few weeks or months of the Deluge that came and went, before they finally covered the highest mountains.
Secular geologists have discovered there is more water inside the earth than there is on the surface.
The ocean floor rose, and “pushed” up the sea level. And pushed the continents apart.
The Bible suggests the source of this rising sea floor was molten rock and water creating the Mid Atlantic Ridge and magnetic reversals.
The breakup of the earth’s single continent is referred to in Genesis 7:11. The ocean floors were replaced by hot lavas. Being less dense than the original ocean floors, these hot lavas would have had an expanded thickness, so the new ocean floors would have effectively risen, raising the sea level by more than 3,500 feet (1,067 m). Today’s mountains had not yet formed, so the pre-Flood hills and mountains were nowhere near as high as today’s mountains, a sea level rise of over 3,500 feet would have been sufficient to inundate the pre-Flood continental land surfaces.
Evolutionary paleontologist and the late signer of the Humanist Manifesto Dr. Edwin H. Colbert once curator of vertebrate paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History said that they believe there were no high mountains in the Mesozoic when the dinosaurs lived, because most of the orogeny that crated the high mountain ranges of today came later.
Toward the end of the Flood, when the molten rock cooled and the ocean floors sank, the sea level would have fallen and the waters would have drained off the continents into new, deeper ocean basins. As indicated earlier, Psalm 104:8 describes the mountains being raised at the end of the Flood and the Flood waters draining down valleys and off the emerging new land surfaces. This is consistent with much evidence that today’s mountains only very recently rose to their present incredible heights after the Deluge.
All secular geologists and paleontologists know that every continent has fossils of sea creatures in rock layers which today are high above sea level. We find marine fossils in all of the rock layers in Grand Canyon. This includes the topmost layer in the sequence, the Kaibab Limestone exposed at the rim, at 7,000–8,000 feet (2,130–2,440 m) above sea level. The limestone at the very top of the sequence must have been deposited beneath ocean waters loaded with lime sediment that swept over northern Arizona (and beyond).
The best example is the Redwall Limestone, which commonly contains fossil brachiopods (a clam-like organism found with valves closed showing they were buried alive suddenly), corals, bryozoans (lace corals), crinoids (sea lilies), bivalves (types of clams), gastropods (marine snails), trilobites, cephalopods, and even fish teeth all jumbled together in death layers. And the shells of cephalopods are arranged by moving water pointed with the thickest end toward the direction of the flow.